Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia’s veteran ex-leader Mahathir Mohamad, 92, won a shock election victory Thursday, in a political earthquake that toppled the country’s scandal-plagued premier and ousted a regime that has ruled for over six decades.
It was a stunning triumph that almost no one had predicted and ended the long hold on power of the Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition, which has ruled Malaysia since its birth as an independent country.
The victory capped a dramatic political comeback for Mahathir, who previously ruled the country with an iron fist for 22 years, and came out of retirement to taken on Prime Minister Najib Razak after the leader became embroiled in a massive corruption scandal.
Official results from the Malaysian electoral commission suggested at 2.30am (AEDT) that Mahathir’s opponent Pakatan Harapan from the Alliance of Hope and its allied parties had so far won 48 seats, while the Prime Minister Najib Razak’s governing Barisan Nasional (National Coalition) and its allies had won 46 seats.
A majority government requires 112 seats in the 222-member Parliament.
An hour earlier, the 92-year-old Mahathir, who served as prime minister for 22 years until 2003, told media gathered at Kuala Lumpur’s Sheraton Hotel that, based on unofficial counting, “it would seem that we have practically achieved that figure  and the figure for the Barisan Nasional is very much lower than that”.
“We believe that from our official counting that they’re left far behind. The likelihood is that they will not be forming the government. There is no way they can catch up,” he said, adding that the opposition was also on track for victory in five state elections.
It was unclear whether the Prime Minister was going to speak on Thursday morning.
When he takes power, Mahathir will be the oldest prime minister in the world.
His victory spells big trouble for Najib — Mahathir has vowed to bring him to justice over allegations that billions of dollars were looted from sovereign wealth fund 1MDB, which the scandal-plagued leader set up and oversaw.
But at a press conference, Mahathir vowed: “We are not seeking revenge. We want to restore the rule of law.”
Mahathir’s return to the political frontlines saw him throw in his lot with an opposition alliance filled with parties that he crushed while in power, and which includes jailed opposition icon Anwar Ibrahim — his former nemesis.
As well as seizing control of the national government, several state legislatures across the country fell into opposition hands for the first time, including the highly symbolic bastion of Johor, the birthplace of Najib’s party that was the lynchpin of the ruling coalition.
Official results from the Election Commission showed that Mahathir’s opposition grouping Pakatan Harapan, along with an ally in the Borneo state of Sabah, had secured 115 parliamentary seats. 112 are needed to form a government. BN were on 79 seats with just a few left to count.
As it became clear that Mahathir had won, supporters took to the streets waving flags of the opposition alliance.
After polls closed earlier in the day, journalists had flocked to the headquarters of Najib’s United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), the lynchpin in the ruling coalition — but he failed to turn up to give a victory speech and the media were told to leave.
Huge numbers of voters earlier flocked to the polls across the country, despite Najib having called the election on a weekday in what critics said was a bid to keep turnout down.
The BN wipeout is a disaster for Najib, who had been under pressure to score an emphatic win after the government lost the popular vote for the first time at the last elections in 2013.
The controversy surrounding 1MDB has dogged Najib since the story exploded in 2015. Billions of dollars were allegedly stolen from the fund, which was set up and overseen by Najib. The leader and 1MDB deny any wrongdoing.
But in rural areas, the rising cost of living, which has hit poor Malays hard, was the main concern at the election particularly after the introduction of an unpopular sales tax in 2015.