At least five people were killed at Kabul’s airport amid desperate scenes as thousands tried to force their way onto flights and avoid being left in the hands of the Taliban.
Crowds mobbed the tarmac at Hamid Karzai International, scaling walls and gantries as they tried to fight their way onto aircraft.
As lumbering military aircraft taxied for take-off to ferry international diplomats to safety, hundreds of young men ran alongside and climbed on the moving planes.
Apache helicopter gunships could be seen hovering low across the runways in advance of transports, trying to sweep a way through the crowds.
Gunfire rattled over the airport as American troops attempted to keep order. Several bodies could be seen lying around the airport complex, though it was unclear if they had been shot, or killed in a stampede.
Several commercial airlines said they had stopped services because of the anarchy, trapping thousands more and adding to the chaos.
Footage shared on social media appears to show Afghan civilians clinging to the side of a US military aircraft as it prepares to take off from Kabul’s international airport.
In the videos, which the BBC has not verified, a number of people are seen apparently sitting on the side of the US military transport plane as it moves down the runway, while crowds run alongside.
According to some reports, which have also not been confirmed, at least two people were killed after falling from a plane after it had taken off.
At least two other people were reportedly killed earlier at the same airport, as crowds of passengers attempted to flee the country. It is unclear whether they were shot or killed in a stampede.
The Taliban entered Kabul on Sunday and took control of Afghanistan for the first time in almost 20 years, after the government collapsed and President Ashraf Ghani fled abroad.